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Sunday, May 6, 2007

Guatemalan Adoption process


Here are a couple pics from Uncle Damian's wedding in the Fall. We love our new Auntie Grace!


Yesterday marks 2 weeks waiting for a referral. Our baby could be born any day now.
We have had tons of questions regarding the process of adoption so here it goes. . . if you have a couple of hours. We will update this particular link often to let people know exactly which step we are on. To find out read on and look for the bold "WE ARE RIGHT HERE IN THE PROCESS!"
Guatemalan adoption is basically a two part process...the U.S. portion of the adoption process and the adoption process in Guatemala. The U.S. portion of the process takes approximately 1 - 3 months. The Guatemalan portion of the process is currently taking approximately 6 - 8 months.
First, families contact a home study agency and the agency conducts the home study and they usually approve the family. A home study report is written up. The family is fingerprinted and is approved by Homeland Security. The adopting family must also put together a "dossier"...an extensive amount of paper work required to adopt from Guatemala. The home study, dossier creation and Homeland Security process (the U.S. portion of the adoption process) takes approximately 1 - 3 months.
Below is a very general description of the Guatemalan portion of the adoption process
Guatemalan adoption process steps:
1. Dossier is sent to Guatemala to be translated. At this point you are put on a waiting list for a baby. -

2. Child is born.

3. Birth is registered at Civil Registry and a birth certificate is issued.

4. Birth mother signs over custody to a lawyer and authorizes the lawyer to pursue adoption plans for the child; child enters foster care.

5. Child is taken to a pediatrician for basic physical and (for newborns) usually for first immunizations, if these steps were not done prior to relinquishment.
Birth mother also sees a doctor to make sure she is fine and may have blood tests done at this time, if they haven't been done prior to the birth of the child.

6. You receive a referral with child's and birth mother's names, basic physical information, and usually a photo and results of screening blood tests for syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. Our agency does even more testing. Keep checking our blog we will post all the pictures at this point to announce our new baby girl.

7. You accept the referral and sign a Power of Attorney (POA) to authorize the lawyer in Guatemala to act on your behalf during the adoption process. Under Guatemalan law the same lawyer may represent the birth mother's and child's interests and your interests during the adoption. Some agencies use separate lawyers for adoptive parents, most don't. We will try to travel to Guatemala to meet our baby at this time and sign the POA papers.

8. Your POA is registered in Guatemala.

9. The lawyer submits all the documents in the case to Family Court, and petitions the Family Court to assign a social worker to investigate the case.

10. The lawyer requests authorization from the US Embassy to have DNA testing performed on the birth mother and child to confirm that they are indeed biologically mother and child. DNA testing is done with supervision and a photo of the birth mother with the child is taken at the testing site to ascertain their identities.

11. Family Court social worker reviews your dossier, interviews the birth mother, sees the child in foster care or orphanage, and (almost always) approves the adoption. The social worker writes a several page report summarizing the facts of the case and attesting to the reasons that the birth mother cannot care for the child. The birth mother signs consent for adoption for second time.
12. Meanwhile the DNA test should have been performed, cleared, and submitted to the US Embassy with your dossier for review and approval by the Embassy. The case cannot take the next step after Family Court until the Embassy DNA approval has been issued. This is a safeguard to prevent a situation in which a child is legally adopted under Guatemalan law, but not eligible for immigration under US law. A third consent by the birth mother is signed during the DNA process. 13. The lawyer then submits a petition for approval of the adoption case to a notarial officer of the Attorney General's office (Procuraduria General de la NaciĆ³n or PGN). (A Notary in Guatemala is an attorney with additional powers, not simply someone who certifies signatures as in the US.)

14. Notary in PGN reviews all the documents (often requesting that some be re-done because of minor spelling errors, expired notary seals, etc.) and almost always approves the adoption. PGN may at their discretion investigate aspects of the case if they wish and as a result of that and other variations, time in this step (as in many steps) can vary widely.
15. PGN issues its approval for the adoption to proceed.

16. The lawyer then meets the birth mother for the 4th and final sign-off.
The adoption decree is then written and issued by the lawyer and the child is legally now the child of the adoptive family.

17. A new birth certificate is then issued by the Civil Registry with the child's first and middle names unchanged, but with the last name of the adoptive parent(s).
Lawyer takes new birth certificate and applies for a Guatemalan passport (although the child is adopted by US parents, he or she is still a Guatemalan citizen).

18. All documents are translated into English by certified translators, as required by US INS regulations.

The following steps discuss what happens before travel to the U.S.:
1. Passport is issued.

2. Child gets a visa photo done.

3. Lawyer takes all the paperwork back to the Embassy, including the passport, your dossier, the Family Court findings, the adoption decree, the DNA results, all translations, and the visa photos, and requests approval for an orphan visa to enter the US.

4. Embassy authorizes visa. This approval is on pink paper and is called the "pink slip". It is usually issued a day or two after submission of the documents.

5. Child gets an exit physical by an Embassy-approved doctor (to make sure the child doesn't have unrecognized handicapping conditions or infectious diseases). Note that this exam used to require prior embassy approval, but can now be done any time after the passport is issued, without prior approval of the embassy. We are right here but of course since this point they have added and extra step - the second DNA test. We are waiting on the results and our pink slip to be issued with our embassy appointment.

6. You are told your case is complete and you travel to Guatemala (many people travel sooner but this is the "official" time when travel is recommended).

7. The lawyer completes required INS and State Department forms for visa issuance and includes them in the document package along with the results from the exit physical.
The child will be with you no matter where you go from this time forward.

8. You -- often but not always accompanied by the lawyer or someone from their staff -- bring your child and all the papers back to the Embassy early one morning (Monday - Thursday only, no visas are issued on Fridays), pay the visa fees, present the I-600 and I-864 forms, show your tax returns for the past 3 years (including W-2s and 1099s, plus current letters of employment or recent pay stubs) to prove you can support the child, and come back later that afternoon for your visa and sealed packet of documents. Do not open the sealed packet!

9. Then you can go home. On arrival you must submit the sealed packet to INS at your first point of entry into the US.

10. If both parents have traveled to Guatemala to see their child before it is time for the child to go home with the adoptive parents, when the child comes to America, he/she will automatically be a U.S. citizen.

11. Yeah!!! Home at last!

Boy, McMurray children are a lot of work and really expensive - but well worth it!

2 comments:

Kay C. Dightman said...

This is fascinating! Thank you so much for keeping us all updated this way - I love being able to follow along. I am praying for you all every single step of the way.....love, KC

The Nunleys said...

We are so excited for the arrival of your baby girl. You will be so busy with two little boys, a new baby and a new dog. :)
Love, The Nunleys